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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 30, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses
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and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. u.s. forces prepared to pull out of afghanistan but there's a lot of the satisfaction about what they leave behind. >> the war is ending because of a timetable drawn up in london and washington. with all of the lives lost than money spent, it could have been so much better. >> u.s. prosecutors will seek death against the so cards and i have -- marathonhe boston
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bomber. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the u.s. is growing increasingly impatient with the president of afghanistan. defense secretary chuck hagel suggested that time is running out for hamid karzai to sign an agreement that would let some u.s. forces stay in the country beyond the end of this year. as the troops prepare to withdraw after 12 years of war, discussion. >> they're prepared to russian or the threat on roadside bombs and now they are on their way out of the country. they are flown over the stunning snow-covered peaks of
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the hindu kush mountains across northern afghanistan. they load before their onward flight of the country. forces leaveonal afghanistan facing an uncertain future. a weekend corrupt government. they are ending up because it has been won but because of a timetable drawn up in london and in washington. for all of the lives lost and money spent, it could have been so much better. troops board the same plane. this is redeployment on an industrial scale. flying around-the-clock as the american withdrawal moves up moves up a gear. the relief is visible as men relax for the first time after seven months in afghanistan. transit base, the already feels a long way from the war. the base commander says his most important asset is a forest where troops can be alone.
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>> that is a running trail that is within our promoter that folks like to go out of their and truly start to decompress. a couple out there on walk on the trails. sometimes, to them in the last six months, the first time they have never been shot at, there are no mortar rounds going in. , just catching up on sleep before they make their long journey home. overre preparing to hand to the afghan national army. a medic had just come out of helmand after his second term. >> i love afghanistan, so i was very at home. they are definitely doing their part. , ther as the taliban goes taliban is still doing their part as well. the a.a. will do something, the
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taliban will do something. i don't think that it will be the end of the war. >> the final tourney home is through one of the more unusual security checks. through hisifles hand baggage. the government wants this base) july, well before the last combat troops leave afghanistan. the u.s. will lose its only military footprint in central asia. >> as those american troops prepare to leave, our next guest warns that it should not be at the cost of gains that have been made there. saxby chambliss recently returned from visiting american forces in afghanistan and he joined me earlier from capitol hill. secretarythe defense expressing frustration with the afghan government for not signing the bilateral security agreement. how urgent is it that this gets done? like certainly, it needs to progress to the point where it is ready to be signed, it is
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very evident that karzai is not going to sign the agreement. that is kind of indicative of the very weak and poor leadership of karzai over the last couple of years. thank goodness that the responsible individuals who are running to replace him are pretty much all indicating that they will sign it. he is acting like a child and i think we just better expect that for the remainder of his term. the frustration that the secretary said, that he is experiencing is pretty well throughout the defense community and the world community. >> the president has suggested that if this does not get signed then all american forces will be pulled out of afghanistan at the end of this year. that is sort of in-line with what the american public would .ike polls overwhelmingly suggest that americans don't want to be in that war any longer but you
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think it would be a risk. >> i think it would be a huge risk. it was a mistake for this president not to negotiate a bilateral agreement in iraq before pulling out of there. we have provided a haven for al qaeda and other terrorist groups to move back into iraq. if we don't negotiate, we will see exactly the same thing. in the present, maybe the president will get a jump in the polls but in the long-run terrorists will strike americans and the will have been trained in afghanistan afghanistan and iraq. >> you have a long history of dealing with intelligence and security matters in the senate. what do you think from your visit the risk of the taliban making big gains in afghanistan ?re how strong is at risk? >> not only is it just a risk, it is a fact that if we don't maintain a significant force in
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afghanistan after the drawdown then the opportunity for the taliban and to expand -- they are already there, they will expand, the opportunity for al qaeda and their affiliates to expand and put training camps in place will certainly grow as well as the ability of the network to traverse back end force because the pakistani border will increase. that we enterve into an agreement, that we provide for a significant force, a minimum of 10,000 troops to remain in afghanistan to ensure that the gains that we have made and the losses we have suffered are not for naught. whene troops you spoke to you were there last week, did they express frustration at the idea that they may have to come back before they feel the job
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is done? >> the frustration that we saw and the uncertainty that we saw was the president not only with the troops, but it certainly is, but also in the diplomatic corps as well as in the intelligence community. nobody knows what this president is thinking about the future of afghanistan. he has not said what we're going to do relative to to a residual force. right now, here we are, the end of january, the first part of february and the next 11 months will go by in a hurry. we need to have plans in place, the president needs to listen to his military leadership and i hope you will deuc -- he will do that in the short term said that we can provide that certainty to the military forces and the diplomatic corps and the intelligence committee. >> senator saxby chambliss, thank you for joining the program. >> good to be with you. >> the u.s. defense secretary and expressed frustration.
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human rights groups have accused the regime in damascus of raising thousands of homes in residential neighborhoods loyal to the rebels. the report by human rights groups shows this neighborhood on the northern edge in late september of 2012. a few weeks later i'm at the area was completely destroyed. the organization claims. -- a few weeks later, the area was completely destroyed. this is a suburb of damascus earlier. , nearly 42 later hectares of buildings were demolished. they told this was to remove the legally constructed buildings. an italian court has upheld the guilty verdict against amanda knox and her former italian boyfriend. meredithrder of kercher, a british student.
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ais reverses an acquittal by previous appeal ruling after which knox returned to the u.s.. in a statement today she said she was frightened and saddened by this verdict. >> for the third time, a panel of judges filed into an italian court room to deliver a verdict on a man the knox -- on amanda italian boyfriend. she was handed down a sentence of 28 and a half years in prison, her coaccused, 25 years. while neither of the defendants were in court, meredith kercher 's sister and brother were present and look satisfied with the outcome. amanda knox, who watched on television from her home in seattle has said she is frightened and saddened by the verdict. she recently spoke about her predicament.
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since the beginning, her face has eclipsed that of meredith kercher. she had been in italy for two months when she was sexually assaulted and stabbed in her own bedroom in november, 2007. when amanda and raphael was seen kissing within hours of her body being found, it seems suspicious and they became the focus of attention. investigators and prosecutors quickly came up with a theory they had been involved in a sex game that went wrong. , knoxa sensational trial and select she tell were convicted. sollecito were convicted. her brother said he would never be able to find forgiveness. >> i think anybody would need
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to read in detail or know what happened to her. they would never forgive somebody did that to their sister or daughter's. >> lawyers will now appeal the convictions. >> the latest turn in what is a very complicated legal proceeding. the u.s. government said today that it will seek the death dzhokharor 20-year-old tsarnaev, the man accused of committing the boston marathon bombing with his brother. davidre, i'm joined by willis. what is the u.s. government saying? >> they expect this decision from eric holder. he said in a terse two sentence statement that he was pressing for the death penalty because he calls of the nature of the conduct and the resultant harm that it caused. filed byce of intent,
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prosecutors, they describe dzhokhar tsarnaev somebody who obtained citizenship and then to trade his allegiance to the u.s. by killing and maiming people in the u.s.. the prosecution says that those killings involved substantial planning and premeditation. this was the worst attack since september the 11th and informed the biggest manhunt in the country. >> this is already going to be a very big important trial in america but presumably now that they have called for the death penalty it becomes the center of attention. >> they don't very often press for the death penalty in federal cases and the death penalty was abolished in the state of massachusetts 30 years ago. four years later, it was readopted by the federal government and only three people have actually been executed since then, one of whom was of course timothy
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mcveigh. a lot of people are saying that this trial may well attract the same sort of attention as the trial of the oklahoma bomber. 30okhar tsarnaev facing charges, 17 of which have the possibility of the death sentence. >> he has pleaded not guilty. it will get a lot of attention. the u.s. government seeking the death penalty for dzhokhar tsarnaev. quick news from around the world. security forces in iraq have regained control of a government building in baghdad which has been stormed earlier by armed attackers. six men took over the iraqi ministry of transport building. at least two guards were killed and several members of the staff taken hostage. all of the attackers were killed and the remaining hostages have been freed. the u.s. air force says that 90 to nuclear missile launch officers are being investigated over allegations of cheating in
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a proficiency exam. three times the number previously indicated. stress andset by fear. doctors treating michael schumacher are reducing his sedation to try to bring him out of a medically induced,. the seven-time world champion hit his head on a rock of skiing. it is impossible to assess what his condition will be if this awakening treatment is successful. bbc world newsg " america" still to come. from small to -- from small- town america to the factories of indonesia, we will show you how the actions of the federal reserve sends ripples around the world. , viktor gannett co. has gone on sick leave reportedly suffering from a serious bout of the flu. this comes as russia threatens to halt its $15 billion financial assistance until it
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knows the shape of the new government. >> a thousand years ago, tf with the capital of the ancient russian state. one day, vladimir, the grandparents from a man who was in charge here, decided to ditch paganism and adopt a world religion. which religion to adopt religion towhich adopt? he thought about islam but because they had a ban on alcohol, he didn't want to do that. he accepted christianity. a thousand years on, russians feel a bond with the ukraine and it is not only this religious connection, it is historical ties, cultural ties, linguistic ties. many russians cannot imagine ukraine distinction herself from russia. that is particularly true of the russian authorities.
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this is the russian embassy in tf. it is not a very grand building but appearances are deceptive because russia exerts considerable influence over ukraine. tf toesident is keen for look east rather than west and remain in the russian sphere of influence but they deeply resent thempts by the west to drag ukraine away from russia's orbit. the west, you have the european union, which would like los a and economic ties with key of. so, ukraine is very much in the middle, pulled between east and west. >> yesterday's decision by the u.s. federal reserve to cut back its economic stimulus has
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had an impact already around the globe. americans are worried about what it means for their retirement funds and their mortgage payments. emerging markets have their own concerns. tonight, the chief business correspondent takes us from america's east coast to indonesia him of the way the global impact decisions here in washington. >> january, maryland-eastern shore. like many other places in the u.s., it still lies in its freeze. deep >> taking it one day to time >> eugene evans has been building and repairing boats here for over 30 years. he is hanging on that has had to let go most of his workers. the fed has done this not make him optimistic. >> i don't really see anything that would encourage me to go are extra money to do and should things to put people
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to work. i don't see anything. >> the small-town has everything you would come to expect since the financial crisis. high unemployment, lots of foreclosures and empty main streets. things have been sat here for a long time. been bad, we see it, we see it on tv, there was a joke we used to tell around. if we have a depression it would take us 10 years before we knew it because we have been depressed for so long. that is kind of our situation. >> that it's a is cause the fed to dump-in cash for the past five years. now, they are cutting back. even though all of the ,ttention, the cash injections that is for the fragile recovery. it is where interest rates are
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coming. start to rise, people who are struggling to struggle more. for the world economy, the federal reserve's actions are watched by no other, especially in emerging markets such as indonesia which are especially vulnerable, fragile. a measure fragility is how comfortably a managed can manage its debt. four percent of gdp is owed to foreign creditors. burden isds the getting harder and harder to manage. though hard at work in this plastic voucher but this country is considered a member of the type because it does a lot more than it earns. still, the government is confident that no matter what the fed does them investors will still think is worth the risk.
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>> our long-term growth is around six percent percent or those are 10%. we are offering a better return annually with the improving global economy. this will improve the confidence and putting us in a more risky country. >> the good times, cheap money was always going to end. emerging economies now need to convince investors to stay put. >> amazing tour of the world there and the global implications of emerging markets. now there's news from britain britain which would be extremely .nteresting we're going to look at prisons in america where you would not
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associate waterfalls for a prison backdrop. this is when the backup set can be chosen if they want to send a portrait back. >> my sister and i could go to the beach but our brother could not go with us. so, we posed in front of this painting of a beach and it made us feel more comfortable showing our friends the picture. we could say, this is our brother instead of saying this is our brother in prison. i am the author of prison landscapes which is a book about portrait studios in american prisons. the painted backdrops are used in the prison system make shots -- makeshift studios. the prison provides cameras and inmates volunteer to serve as photographers during visiting
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hours. the portraits are given to these visitors as gifts to take him to remember the faces of their son, daughter. i have invited hundreds of in thiss for inclusion collection. i have asked inmates if they could send me a caption that describes how they felt the moment the picture was being taken, their memories and taking a picture. greetings, america. when a shark oppose i was thinking, how do i pose while intoxicated. i didn't want people to think i was ok with wire mat. has an inmate photographer the task of taking the portraits, they are given very direct instructions to crop out of the frame everything but the
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backdrop. i realized that i wanted to pull my own camera back and let the viewers of the book see the context in which the paintings were shot in. most of the backdrops are of idealized landscapes. most of them are outdoor scenes. a lot of scenes of nature, the places that are unavailable to someone who is in prison. a rarelandscapes offer opportunity to see america's incarcerated not to the lens of criminality but through the eyes of their loved ones. this is an affirmation of the humanity of prisoners and something that society often finds troubling in and of itself. >> a really at short and at prisoners trying to make some sense of normality from their
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lives behind bars with those amazing portraits. that is it for today's program. worldll of us here at news america, thank you so much for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we've believed that a commercial banks owes its client strength, stability, security. we believe in keeping lending standards high.
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capital ratios high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: can fuel a lifetime of learning. abcmouse.com early learning academy, proud sponsor of pbs kids and curious george. abcmouse.com early learning academy, are designed for kids to be as active as their imaginations. all she knows is that, today, purple is her favorite color, and that's good enough for us. stride rite is a proud sponsor of "curious george." at houghton mifflin harcourt, we believe reading opens new worlds and inspires curiosity in learners of all ages. we're proud to sponsor curious george on pbs kids. funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh.
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...and from: rum intro ) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪ ♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal
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(birds singing) narrator: when a monkey's looking forward to helping feed bill's bunnies, the man with the yellow hat can't drive from the city to the country fast enough. (excited chattering) ah! hi, george. afraid we won't get to play this weekend. i'm going to my grandmother's. (chattering curiously) the bunnies are coming, too. grandma sure likes bunnies. she says, "bill, i sure like bunnies." (car engine starts) (groans sadly) see ya.

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